Out of the Dark: Make Pesky Dark Spots Disappear
They seem to appear overnight and out of the blue. Dark spots are usually caused by some form of trauma to the skin. Overproduction of melanin in the skin creates areas of darker pigment. Tyrosinase is the skin enzyme responsible for the overproduction of melanin. In addition to sun damage, other causes of dark spots are hormonal changes, acne breakouts, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Many women experience dark skin during pregnancy that usually disappears after pregnancy. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is caused by irritation to the skin, which causes the skin to produce excess pigment.
These dark spots can be very frustrating, but luckily there are many effective treatments that can clear and brighten the skin within a matter of weeks. Alpha Hydroxy Acids are very effective at lightening and clearing the skin through exfoliation. M2 Skin Refinish 20% uses a gentle, yet potent combination of Mandelic and Malic Acids that reduce hyperpigmentation caused by the sun, pregnancy, inflammation, and acne blemishes. Unlike some other treatments for discoloration, Mandelic and Malic Acids are safe for use while pregnant and nursing.
In addition to AHA’s, Vitamin C is a great option to lighten discoloration. This natural ingredient clears the skin and adds a glow, while also boosting collagen production. SkinCeuticals CE Ferulic includes Vitamin C plus protective Vitamin E and Ferulic Acid to neutralize damage. For those with more stubborn pigment Hydroquinone is a powerful bleaching ingredient. This ingredient will fade the appearance pigmentation. Cycling on and off this ingredient will render the best results and keep the skin from becoming sensitized to the benefits. PrecisionMD Vivatia Brightening Complex contains 2% HQ, but matches the performance of a 4% HQ. A good sunscreen must be used daily when using any product containing HQ. We suggest La Roche-Posay Anthelios 50 Mineral Tinted Ultra Light Sunscreen Fluid, great for all skin types and give a little coverage while protecting the skin.
Age spots, acne marks, melasma, and other forms of hyperpigmentation affect most people at some point in their life. Fortunately, there are many options to even your skin tone, creating a luminous complexion. Other ingredients that you should look for to help reduce pigmentation are Kojic acid, Arbutin, Licorice extract and resveratrol.