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How to Reduce Fine Lines and Wrinkles

Time passes and skin ages…it’s a fact of life. A natural result of the aging process is the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and scientific research has pinpointed the exact processes that cause them. The great news is that besides the passing of years, other factors play a significant role in determining the rate at which fine lines and wrinkles appear, and these factors can be effectively managed to slow the process and minimize aging’s effects.

Ultraviolet radiation (UV) is considered the leading cause of early skin aging. Exposure to UV rays results in the weakening of collagen and elastin fibers. It can lead to deficiency of vitamin A in the skin, which is important to maintain skin health. It also can promote the over-production of oxidants, commonly known as free radicals, which damage skin cells. Moreover, regular sun exposure affects the skin's ability to retain moisture. All these effects leave your skin worn, damaged and less able to repair itself, causing the formation of fine lines and wrinkles.

Of course, the first line of defense in preventing UV skin damage is to stay out of the sun and to always apply a sunscreen. Beyond that, consider using a product that contains retinyl palmitate, a form of vitamin A, known for its remarkable anti-aging, antioxidant and moisturizing qualities. This key ingredient helps repair the damage caused by sun exposure. Eye creams like SkinMedica TNS Eye Repair, which include retinyl palmitate, can help keep the skin's extracellular matrix in good health, renewing the skin around your eyes.

Your diet also has a significant effect on your skin. In particular, a diet high in sugar can lead to fine lines and wrinkles. In a process known as glycation, proteins like collagen and elastin bond with sugar molecules. This particular bonding results in the formation of hard, nonfunctioning collagen and elastin and causes wrinkles and fine lines to appear. Collagen and elastin are protein fibers that are key elements in the skin’s support structure. Collagen works to keep the skin firm and plump, and elastin imparts pliability. When the delicate matrix of these fibers is disturbed by glycation, the skin loses strength and elasticity, which leads to sagging and wrinkling. Blueberry extract is widely used in skin formulas to inhibit the glycation of these important proteins. Reducing the amount of sugar in your diet, plus using a cream or serum enriched with blueberry extract, such as SkinCeuticals, will help prevent and diminish the fine lines and wrinkles caused by collagen and elastin glycation.

Production of collagen and elastin are naturally reduced each year by simple aging. However, addition to the skin of certain amino acids, minerals and vitamins can boost the body’s production of skin-enhancing proteins. These ingredients can increase skin cell’s lipid levels, improving their natural ability to retain moisture. Look for products that contain copper, an essential mineral that boosts the production of collagen and elastin. Neova Refining Eye Lift gelee contains both copper and squalane, a common lipid and natural moisturizer, to keep the skin hydrated. Other key ingredients to consider are lipo-amino acids for cell regeneration and Artemia salina extract for increasing cell metabolism. Natura Bisse Diamond Extreme Eye has both, as well as an epidermal lipid supplement that contains shea butters, wild mango and amaranth oil to aid in restoring moisture to the lipid barrier.

By knowing the root causes of your fine lines and wrinkles, you can determine how to best improve your skin health, and take a proactive approach to keeping it youthful and radiant for years to come.

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