Hyperpigmentation refers to excess, undesired pigment in the skin. This applies to various skin conditions such as age spots, melasma, acne scarring and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (a darkening of the skin caused by irritation).
Treatments for hyperpigmentation
- Bleaching: Bleaching agents are ingredients that suppress excess melanin production and distribution and are, in general, the most-effective option.
- Exfoliation: Exfoliants fade pigmentation by increasing cell turnover and encouraging the shedding of pigmented or damaged skin cells. Exfoliants such as alpha hydroxy acids and retinol also have added anti-aging benefits and can bring faster results when used in combination with a bleaching treatment.
When treating any form of hyperpigmentation, sun protection is key. Always wear sunblock with broad-spectrum protection and with an SPF of 30 or more.